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Música y cantos vascos: ¡ deléitese sus oídos !

El espíritu Vasco se expresa a través de su lenguaje, sus canciones, su baile y su música. El euskera, el idioma más antiguo de Europa le afectará a usted con su musicalidad y su autenticidad.

El pueblo vasco canto desde tiempos inmemoriales. En una iglesia, un concierto de coros de hombres o mixto le dará la piel de gallina.

La cultura vasca es participativa y popular, jóvenes y viejos cantan, manuales se distribuyen en los festivales populares para seguir las palabras. Se canta tradicionalmente melodías a capella durante las fiestas del pueblo. ¿Por lo tanto, listos para entonar cancioncillas?

 

 

El baile es uno de los elementos que marca la identidad vasca. Cada pueblo tiene su danza y se interpreta generalmente en sus principales festivales. En las plazas de los pueblos, se le invita a bailar en círculo con saltos vascos, llamado el "Mutxiko". Escuchar la melodía y empezar, sigue los pasos ... y si tiene talento, puede bailar un fandango, una danza que se ejecuta en un ritmo frenético.

Música vasca es rica y variada que van desde el clásico al moderno, con instrumentos tradicionales como el txistu, xirula, alboka, txalaparta, ttun ttun, trikititxa, gaita, pandereta ... Dejate llevar por su sonido durante las fiestas y carnavales. Si se prefiere el rock and roll o a la música popular, es seguro que encontrará su gusto en el sonido de la música vasca.


 Glosario de instrumentos específicos


 Txixtu : una flauta de pico con tres agujeros que se toca con la mano izquierda, la mano derecha se utiliza para pegar el ttun ttun.

 Ttun ttun : un pequeño tambor de cuerda.

 Txirula : una flauta con tres agujeros como el txistu. Es más corta y tiene un tono más alto.

 Alboka : instrumento de música que puede estar formado por dos cuernos de novillo de entre 2 y 3 años, el cuerpo de madera y dos tubos que pueden ser de diversos materiales (en la versión vizcaína) o por un solo cuerno o “adar handi” y cuerpo y boca de madera en una sola pieza y los dos tubos (versión guipuzcoana). Por último, dispone de dos fitak de lenguëta simple de caña, que se encargan de crear el sonido.

 Txalaparta : instrumento de percusión. Es un tablero colocado horizontalmente en dos cestas. Entre las cestas y la mesa, hay hojas de maíz o hierbas para que pueda vibrar. Se golpea de arriba abajo con dos palos llamados Makilas.

 Trikititxa : es el nombre dado al acordeón diatónico en el País Vasco. El nombre proviene de la onomatopeya del sonido de la pandereta, "trikiti, trikiti, trikiti" que acompaña al instrumento.

 Pandereta : como un pandereta pero más profundo y más amplio.

 Gaita : Instrumento de viento. Se trata de una gaita.


En la misma sección

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